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知几多 | 物流与快递、邮政的区别(中英)

本文摘要:领了这么久的包裹,你知道快递和物流、快递和邮政有什么区别吗?今天,让橙子和大家摆摆龙门阵,说一说这其中的玄妙吧。快递与物流的区别1)大件走物流,小件发快递快递:适合20KG (或30KG)以内的小件物品,一单对应一件。物流:适合30KG以上、或体积庞大的大件物品。 例如:沙发、冰箱、电视具等大件,重量较大的物品,通常都是走物流。特殊物品如5米长的竹竿,可以找中小型的货运公司。 如果是易碎品,自己打好加固、防震包装,再托运,是更好的选择。

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领了这么久的包裹,你知道快递和物流、快递和邮政有什么区别吗?今天,让橙子和大家摆摆龙门阵,说一说这其中的玄妙吧。快递与物流的区别1)大件走物流,小件发快递快递:适合20KG (或30KG)以内的小件物品,一单对应一件。物流:适合30KG以上、或体积庞大的大件物品。

例如:沙发、冰箱、电视具等大件,重量较大的物品,通常都是走物流。特殊物品如5米长的竹竿,可以找中小型的货运公司。

如果是易碎品,自己打好加固、防震包装,再托运,是更好的选择。2)收费模式差别快递:快递收费是按公斤收取,凌驾1公斤按2公斤算,凌驾2公斤就按3公斤算,以此类推,收费较贵。因此适合小件运输。物流:物流把货物分为重货和泡货,重货以重量(KG)计价,而泡货以体积(m³)计价;整体运输用度较少,因此常为企业所用。

棉花很轻,可是很占存储空间,所以称为泡货。木板不占用存储空间,可是很重,所以是重货。

3)运输时效差别快递:同城最快1天。也就是第二天到。

跨省全国基本在3天左右,各个快递公司的快递件运输时间视情况差别不定。物流:同城之间的配送基本4小时左右能搞定,这是现在最快的模式。省内运输的话,如深圳到广州险些2小时左右,加上集货的时间6小时也能到达。某种水平上,物流运输是快过快递的。

4)服务差别快递:可以上门取件,以及送货上门。也就是行业里说的“前后一公里”。

在快递这种模式泛起以前,物盛行业基本是很难做到的。由此可以想象,服务也是需要成本的。物流:部门公司不接受“前后一公里”的收发服务。只有小部门公司可以提供这种服务,但独立收费,价钱高昂。

5)服务的工具差别快递服务的工具一般为小我私家,而物流的服务工具一般为企业。快递与邮政的区别1)谋划规模差别。

邮政的普遍服务业务以私人信件、包裹为主;快递业务以商务文件、资料、小型物品 为主。2)服务工具差别。邮政的普遍服务面向社会全体成员,以提供社会成员之间基本的通信服务为准则;快 递服务则主要针对经济商业领域内的特殊客户,以个性化的特殊服务为准则。3)服务尺度差别。

万国邮联对邮政的普遍服务有明确的质量要求,邮政的普遍服务注重服务的尺度化和统一性;快递服务更注重满足客户的个性化需求, 提供“门对门 ” 、“桌对桌 ”的便捷服务。邮政业与快递业属 于两种差别的服务类型。

4)通报渠道差别。邮政服务是通过邮局之间的一连投递举行的,国际间的邮政服务通过万国邮联协议进 行;而非邮政的国际、海内的快递服务,是通过快递公司自身的跨国或全国的网络,或两个航空货运署理公司之间举行的。5)订价机制差别。

邮政普遍服务的订价,遵从万国邮联关于让所有人可以接受的低价原则,制定并执行全 国统一的具有公益性质的低价的牢固资费尺度;而快递企业的服务价钱,则是遵从价值纪律,根据其服务效率与服务水平差别,以市场供求关系决议其价钱水平。6)企业运行规则差别。负担普遍服务义务的邮政企业作为国家公用事业单元,虽实行企业化治理,但对 于泛起政策性亏损时,会由国家财政给以专项补助,因此邮政企业不会倒闭,邮政职工可以有调整但不会失业,可有稳定的事情和收入;而快递企业只能根据市场经济的纪律运行,实行自负盈亏、自我生长、适者生存、优胜劣汰。

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快递企业时时面临着市场经济的磨练,快递员工的收入只能凭据企业的效益情况来决 定,因此具有一定的不稳定性。7)行业羁系体制差别。由于邮政的普遍服务业务属于国家的公用事业;快递服务属于竞争性的市场化业 务。所以在行业治理上,世界绝大多数国家的邮政部门没有权力治理快递业,也未将快递纳入邮政的专营规模。

8) 享受国家政策差别。为保证邮政部门推行好普遍服务的责任,开展普遍服务业务谋划,国家给予邮政企业享受各项优惠的政策。如减免税收、邮车通行便利、报关便利、口岸、机场等设施使用的便利、允许邮政企业扩大谋划规模、对于谋划普遍服务业务发生的政策性亏损国家财政给以专项补助和使用 “中国邮政” 的专用标识。

而快递企业的服务由于属竞争性商业服务,同业企业实行公正竞争原则,快递企业必须依法 谋划、照章纳税,不享受国家特殊的政策优惠.1.The difference between express and logistics1) Logistics for large items and express delivery for small items.Express: suitable for small items within 20KG (or 30KG), one item corresponds to one item.Logistics: Suitable for large items above 30KG or bulky.2) Different charging modes.Express: Express delivery charges are charged in kilograms, if more than 1 kg is calculated as 2 kg, if more than 2 kg is calculated as 3 kg, and so on, the charge is more expensive. Therefore, it is suitable for the transportation of small items. For example: SF Express's first weight is the cheapest 13 yuan/kg, EMS first weight is the cheapest 10 yuan/kg, and other express companiesThe company is basically around 5-6 yuan/kg, and the price of additional weight varies among express companies.Logistics: Logistics divides goods into heavy goods and soaked goods. Heavy goods are priced by weight (KG), while bubbled goods are priced by volume (cubic meters); the overall transportation cost is less, so it is often used by enterprises. Cotton is very light, but it takes up a lot of storage space, so it is called foam. Wooden boards do not take up storage space, but are heavy, so they are heavy goods. In one-ticket transportation, light goods must be transported with heavy goods so that drivers can reduce vehicle fuel consumption and other losses while ensuring profits.3) Different transportation timeliness.Express: 1 day in the same city as the fastest. That is, the next day. It is basically about 3 days across provinces and the whole country, and the delivery time of express parcels of various express companies varies depending on the situation.Logistics: Since 2013, there has been a logistics transportation mode called intra-city delivery. Delivery between the same city can be done in about 4 hours. This is currently the fastest mode. For transportation within the province, it takes about 2 hours from Shenzhen to Guangzhou, plus 6 hours for collection. For example, it can be done in about 40 hours from Shenzhen to Beijing. To some extent, logistics transportation is faster than express delivery.4) Different services.Express: You can pick up and deliver to your door. That is, "one kilometer before and after" in the industry. Before the emergence of the express delivery model, the logistics industry was basically difficult to achieve. It can be imagined that services also require costs.Logistics: Some companies do not accept "one kilometer before and after" delivery service. Only a small number of companies can provide this kind of service, but they charge independently and are expensive.5) The service objects are different.The objects of express service are generally individuals, while the objects of logistics services are generally enterprises.2.The difference between express and post1) The business scope is different.The postal general service business is mainly private letters and parcels; the express delivery business is mainly business documents, materials, and small items.2) Different service targets.The universal postal service is oriented to all members of the society, with the provision of basic communication services between members of the society as the criterion; the express delivery service is mainly aimed at special customers in the economic and trade field, with personalized special services as the criterion.3) Different service standards.The UPU has clear quality requirements for the universal postal service. The universal postal service focuses on the standardization and uniformity of the service; the express delivery service pays more attention to meeting the individual needs of customers, and provides the convenience of "door to door" and "table to table" service. The postal industry and the express delivery industry belong to two different types of services.4) Different delivery channels.Postal services are carried out through continuous delivery between post offices, and international postal services are carried out through the UPU agreement; international and domestic express services other than postal services are carried out through the express company’s own transnational or national network, or both Between air freight forwarding companies.5) Different pricing mechanisms.The pricing of universal postal services complies with the UPU’s low-price principle that everyone can accept, and formulates and implements a nationally unified low-price fixed tariff standard with a public welfare nature; while the service price of express delivery companies is based on compliance value. According to the law, according to its service efficiency and service level, the market supply and demand determines its price level.6) Different enterprise operating rules.As a national public utility unit, postal enterprises undertaking universal service obligations are under corporate management, but when policy losses occur, they will be given special subsidies from the state finances. Therefore, postal enterprises will not go bankrupt, and postal workers can adjust but not Unemployment, stable work and income; and express delivery companies can only operate in accordance with the laws of the market economy, and implement self-financing, self-development, survival of the fittest, and survival of the fittest. Express delivery companies face the test of the market economy from time to time. The income of express delivery employees can only be determined based on the company's profitability, so it has a certain degree of instability.7) Different industry regulatory systems.As the postal universal service business belongs to the national public utility; express delivery service is a competitive market-oriented business. Therefore, in terms of industry management, the postal departments of most countries in the world do not have the power to manage the express delivery industry, nor have express delivery included in the postal franchise.8) Enjoy different national policies.In order to ensure that the postal department fulfills its responsibility for universal service,Enterprises enjoy various preferential policies. Such as tax reduction and exemption, convenient transportation of postal vehicles, convenient customs declaration, convenience in the use of ports, airports and other facilities, allowing postal enterprises to expand their business scope, and special subsidies from the state finance and the use of "China Post" for policy losses incurred by operating universal service businesses. Dedicated logo.Since the services of express delivery companies are competitive commercial services, peer companies implement the principle of fair competition. Express delivery companies must operate in accordance with the law and pay taxes according to regulations, and do not enjoy special national policy preferences.——泉源:Google翻译本文由LearningYard 学苑橙子原创。部门文字参考知乎,如有侵权请相同。文案:橙子排版:橙子审核:王梦雪。


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